Additional allegations of broader negative impacts of the “Strike Hard” campaign and associated policies in XUAR on the human rights of persons belonging to ethnic communities have arisen, beyond the aspects of large-scale deprivation of liberty of certain categories of individuals already described in this assessment.

Claims have been made, specifically in terms of undue restrictions on cultural, linguistic, and religious identity and expression; rights to privacy and movement; reproductive rights; as well as with respect to employment and labour rights.

The right of members belonging to minorities to be protected from discrimination is enshrined in China’s Constitution and in the Regional Ethnic Autonomy Law 182. 

Has been reiterated in numerous official policy documents featuring equality, unity, regional ethnic autonomy, and common prosperity for all ethnic groups.

Freedom of religion and “normal religious activities” are protected in China’s Constitution,185 and the Government cites that more than 20 million people follow Islam in provinces and regions throughout China.

Religious activity is strictly prohibited in “state institutions, schools of national education, public institutions and other places”.187 Children are not allowed to participate in religious activities.

8The Government, however, indicated that it advocates a form of “Islam with Chinese characteristics” which adheres to core beliefs but is better adapted to Chinese society and can play a positive role in China’s economic and social development.

the legal instruments include a list of “primary expressions of extremism”190 that have in practice been accompanied by lists of “signs” 191 of “religious extremism” to assist officials and the general public in identifying “extremist” behaviour in the community.1

UN Human Rights Office cites 'credible' allegations of torture or abuse of detainees in China's Xinjiang region